Why Choose an Orthodontist?
Orthodontics is the treatment used to move a patient’s teeth to a more natural alignment. The benefits of orthodontic treatment goes beyond simply improving the appearance of your smile – addressing a variety of functional health concerns as well.
At GMDG, we provide a wide range of appliance options for both children and adults, depending on each patient’s unique physical and social needs.
Types of Appliances offered at Georgian Mall Dental Group.
Traditional braces are designed with orthodontic wires, brackets and doors. Your GMDG orthodontist slowly tweaks and adjusts the wires over time to control and correct the orientation of the teeth. This tried-and-true method for straightening teeth allows us to apply gentle pressure with exceptional control. Options available include traditional metal braces, or ceramic (clear) braces that are an excellent alternative for patients who prefer their orthodontic work to be less noticeable.
Invisalign / Invisalign Teen Clear Aligners
Invisalign takes a clearer approach to straightening teeth. Perfect for both adults and teens, the ingenious system utilizes a series of custom-designed clear aligners created specifically for each patient based on advanced 3D digital imaging. The aligner trays are constructed with a comfortable-smooth, virtually invisible material that fits over the teeth. As the patient wears the aligner device, their teeth are gradually shifted into position. Typically a number of staged aligners are used, culminating in a perfect straight and radiant smile.
Elastics (Rubber Bands)
Wearing elastics (or rubber bands) improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Wear rubber bands as instructed, and remember that the rubber bands work far more efficiently if they’re worn as prescribed.
The Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device is an alternative to headgear which promotes growth in adolescents, helping to eliminate excessive overbites, improve the fit of teeth, and possibly prevent the need for jaw surgery.
The Herbst® appliance reduces overbite by encouraging the lower jaw forward and the upper molars backward. This fixed appliance is used mostly for younger, growing children and is worn for about 12-15 months.
The palatal expander “expands” (or widens) your upper jaw by putting gentle pressure on your upper molars each time an adjustment is made. Your orthodontist will instruct you about when and how to adjust your expander. When you achieve the desired expansion, you will wear the appliance for several months to solidify the expansion and to prevent regression.
Positioners complete the final tooth movements in your orthodontic treatment. With your full cooperation, you should only need to wear the positioner appliance for four to eight weeks.
Separators or Spacers
Separators are little rubber doughnuts that may be placed between your teeth to push them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed during your next appointment. The separators will be removed before we place the bands. Separators do not mix well with sticky foods, toothpicks, or floss.
Retainers may be removable or fixed. They hold your teeth in their new, correct positions after your teeth have been straightened. Your orthodontist will instruct you on how to care for your retainer and about the duration of the wear. Wearing your retainer as directed is crucial to prevent regression of your treatment.
Common Orthodontic Issues
Crowding of the teeth
Patient started treatment at age 11 and wore braces for 26 months.
Open bite - Front teeth don't touch
Patient sucked her thumb as a young child. At age 13 she acquired braces and a special appliance called a crib, to retrain her tongue, for 28 months. Now she can bite the lettuce out of a sandwich; something that was impossible before.
Deep overbite - Lower front teeth bite into palate
This adult patient, age 25, required braces and jaw surgery to correct his severe overbite. Surgical orthodontic treatment spanned 2 years. His condition could have been corrected without surgery if he had been treated before he was a teenager.
Missing lateral incisors
This patient’s lateral incisors were congenitally missing. She wore braces for 20 months to move her teeth into their correct positions. The missing teeth were then replaced with bonded “Maryland” bridges.
Underbite - Lower front teeth in frontof upper teeth
Patient’s underbite was causing jaw joint discomfort and excessive wear patterns on her teeth. After 30 months of treatment beginning at age 32, smiling and chewing became much easier.
Spacing of teeth
Patient was bothered by the spaces between his teeth. Braces closed the spaces and gave him an ideal bite in 24 months. Special glued-in retainers help keep the spaces closed.
Overjet - Protruding front teeth
At age 10, patient had a large overjet with the top teeth protruding beyond the bottom teeth. She had two phases of orthodontic treatment. Phase One helped her jaws to grow more harmoniously and Phase Two aligned her teeth and bite. Total treatment time was about 3 years.
Sometimes braces are not needed to achieve noticeable improvements in tooth alignment. This patient was first seen at age 7 for crowding of lower permanent teeth. A procedure was performed to reduce the width of the adjacent baby teeth, and the permanent incisors aligned on their own in 9 months.
Parents of this patient were concerned about both aesthetics and the health of their son’s erupting permanent teeth at age 8. The lower front teeth were crowded and touching the palate, and the upper front teeth were extremely displaced from their normal positions. After 12 months of Phase One treatment with an expander and partial braces, the patient’s appearance and dental function were vastly improved.